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pKindling-Red-N vector

cat.# FP301

The vector sequence has been compiled using the information from sequence databases, published literature, and other sources, together with partial sequences obtained by Evrogen. This vector has not been completely sequenced.

vector information:
pKindling-Red-NFP30120 μg€ 320 / 160*
*50% discount on the second and subsequent vectors encoding same fluorescent protein or sensor ordered by the same customer.
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Vector typemammalian expression vector
Reporter codon usagemammalian
Promoter for KFP-RedPCMV IE
Host cellsmammalian
Selectionprokaryotic – kanamycin
eukaryotic – neomycin (G418)
Replicationprokaryotic – pUC ori
eukaryotic – SV40 ori
Use KFP-Red expression in mammalian cells; generation of fusions to the KFP-Red N-terminus
Multiple cloning site (MCS)
Nhe I Bgl II Sac I Hind III EcoR I Sal I Kpn I Apa I BamH I Age I KFP-Red
Afe I Xho I Pst I Sac II Sma I/Xma I Nco I*

* – not unique site.

Vector description

pKindling-Red-N is a mammalian expression vector encoding kindling red fluorescent protein KFP-Red (see reporter description). The vector allows generation of fusions to the KFP-Red N-terminus and expression of KFP-Red fusions or KFP-Red alone in eukaryotic (mammalian) cells.

KFP-Red codon usage is optimized for high expression in mammalian cells (humanized) [Haas et al., 1996]. To increase mRNA translation efficiency, Kozak consensus translation initiation site is generated upstream of the KFP-Red coding sequence [Kozak, 1987]. Multiple cloning site (MCS) is located between PCMV IE and KFP-Red coding sequence.

The vector backbone contains immediate early promoter of cytomegalovirus (PCMV IE) for protein expression, SV40 origin for replication in mammalian cells expressing SV40 T-antigen, pUC origin of replication for propagation in E. coli, and f1 origin for single-stranded DNA production. SV40 polyadenylation signals (SV40 poly A) direct proper processing of the 3'-end of the reporter mRNA.

SV40 early promoter (PSV40) provides neomycin resistance gene (Neor) expression to select stably transfected eukaryotic cells using G418. Bacterial promoter (P) provides kanamycin resistance gene expression (Kanr) in E. coli. Kanr/Neor gene is linked with herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) polyadenylation signals.

Generation of KFP-Red fusion proteins

A localization signal or a gene of interest can be cloned into MCS of the vector. It will be expressed as a fusion to the KFP-Red N-terminus when inserted in the same reading frame as KFP-Red and no in-frame stop codons are present. The inserted sequence should contain an initiating ATG codon. KFP-Red-tagged fusions retain fluorescent properties of the native protein allowing fusion localization in vivo. Unmodified vector will express KFP-Red when transfected into eukaryotic (mammalian) cells.

Note: The plasmid DNA was isolated from dam+-methylated E. coli. Therefore some restriction sites are blocked by methylation. If you wish to digest the vector using such sites you will need to transform the vector into a dam- host and make fresh DNA.

Expression in mammalian cells

pKindling-Red-N vector can be transfected into mammalian cells by any known transfection method. CMV promoter provides strong, constitutive expression of KFP-Red or its fusions in eukaryotic cells. If required, stable transformants can be selected using G418 [Gorman, 1985].

Propagation in E. coli

Suitable host strains for propagation in E. coli include DH5alpha, HB101, XL1-Blue, and other general purpose strains. Plasmid incompatibility group is pMB1/ColE1. The vector confers resistance to kanamycin (30 μg/ml) to E. coli hosts. Copy number in E. coli is about 500.

Location of features

PCMV IE: 1-589
Enhancer region: 59-465
TATA box: 554-560
Transcription start point: 583
MCS: 591-671
Kozak consensus translation initiation site: 672-682
Start codon (ATG): 679-681
Stop codon: 1375-1377
SV40 early mRNA polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 1530-1535 & 1559-1564
mRNA 3' ends: 1568 & 1580
f1 single-strand DNA origin: 1627-2082
Bacterial promoter for expression of Kanr gene
-35 region: 2144-2149
-10 region: 2167-2172
Transcription start point: 2179
SV40 origin of replication: 2423-2558
SV40 early promoter
Enhancer (72-bp tandem repeats): 2256-2327 & 2328-2399
21-bp repeats: 2403-2423, 2424-2444 & 2446-2466
Early promoter element: 2479-2485
Major transcription start points: 2475, 2513, 2519 & 2524
Kanamycin/neomycin resistance gene
Neomycin phosphotransferase coding sequences:
Start codon (ATG): 2607-2609
Stop codon: 3399-3401
G->A mutation to remove Pst I site: 2789
C->A (Arg to Ser) mutation to remove BssH II site: 3135
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 3637-3642 & 3650-3655
pUC plasmid replication origin: 3986-4629


  • Gorman C. High efficiency gene transfer into mammalian cells. In DNA cloning: A Practical Approach, Vol. II. Ed. D. M. Glover. (IRL Press, Oxford, U.K.). 1985; 143-90.
  • Haas J, Park EC, Seed B. Codon usage limitation in the expression of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. Curr Biol. 1996; 6 (3):315-24. / pmid: 8805248
  • Kozak M. An analysis of 5'-noncoding sequences from 699 vertebrate messenger RNAs. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987; 15 (20):8125-48. / pmid: 3313277

Notice to Purchaser:

KFP-Red-related materials (also referred to as "Products") are intended to be used by academic (non-commercial) entities and for research purposes only. Any use of the proprietary nucleic acid or protein other than for research use or by a commercial entity is strictly prohibited. Transfer of this product by purchaser to any other party is specifically prohibited.

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