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Green fluorescent protein TagGFP

Newer version is available, please see TagGFP2 description.


- Fast protein maturation
- Bright green fluorescence
- Proven availability to generate stably transfected cell lines
- Monomeric protein with successful performance in fusions
- Recommended for protein labeling

TagGFP is an enhanced bright mutant of the Aequorea macrodactyla GFP-like protein [Xia et al., 2002]. TagGFP possesses bright green fluorescence with excitation/emission maxima at 482 and 505 nm, respectively. It is optimized for expression at 37oC. TagGFP is more pH-stable than EGFP.

Main properties

TagGFP spectra

TagGFP normalized excitation (thin line) and emission (thick line) spectra.

Download TagGFP spectra (xls)

* Brightness is a product of extinction coefficient and quantum yield, divided by 1000.
Molecular weight, kDa27
Polypeptide length, aa238
Fluorescence colorgreen
Excitation maximum, nm482
Emission maximum, nm505
Quantum yield0.59
Extinction coefficient, M-1cm-158 200
Brightness, % of EGFP104
Maturation rate at 37°Cfast
Cell toxicitynot observed
Main advantagesbright green monomeric fluorescent protein

Recommended filter sets and antibodies

The protein can be recognized using Anti-Tag(CGY)FP antibody (Cat.# AB121) or Anti-GFP antibody (Cat.# AB011) available from Evrogen.

TagGFP can be detected using common fluorescence filter sets for EGFP, FITC, and other green dyes. Recommended Omega Optical filter sets are QMAX-Green, XF100-2, XF100-3, XF115-2, and XF116-2.

Performance and use

TagGFP can be easily expressed and detected in a wide range of organisms. Mammalian cells transiently transfected with TagGFP expression vectors produce bright fluorescence in 10-12 hrs after transfection. No cell toxic effects and visible protein aggregation are observed.

Being expressed in mammalian cells, TagGFP shows brightness and maturation speed similar to those of EGFP. However, compared with EGFP, TagGFP matures more than two times faster in E. coli cells.

TagGFP and EGFP expression in E. coli, 10 hrs after transformation

TagGFP performance in fusions has been demonstrated in the β-actin, α-tubulin and mitochondria-targeting signal models. It can be used in multicolor labeling applications with blue, true-yellow, red, and far-red fluorescent dyes.

TagGFP expression in transiently transfected mammalian cells

(A) Whole-cell expression; (B) TagGFP fusion with human β-actin; (C) TagGFP fusion with human α-tubulin.

See also 3D movie of TagGFP-tagged tubulin

TagGFP suitability to generate stably transfected cells has been proven by Marinpharm company.

Stably transfected cell lines expressing TagGFP-tagged fusions

(A) TagGFP-tagged α-tubulin in MDCK canine kidney epithelial cells; (B) TagGFP-tagged α-tubulin in T24 cells; (c) TagGFP fusion with human β-actin in U-205 human osteosarcoma cells. Images were kindly provided by Dr. Christian Petzelt (Marinpharm).


  • Xia NS, Luo WX, Zhang J, Xie XY, Yang HJ, Li SW, Chen M, Ng MH. Bioluminescence of Aequorea macrodactyla, a common jellyfish species in the East China Sea. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2002; 4 (2):155-62. / pmid: 14961275
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