The vector sequence has been compiled using the information from sequence databases, published literature, and other sources, together with partial sequences obtained by Evrogen. This vector has not been completely sequenced.
pFusionRed-Cx43 is a mammalian expression vector encoding FusionRed-Cx43 fusion protein (see reporter description). The vector can be used for fluorescent labeling of connexin 43 in living cells.
Pig kidney fibroblast cells expressing fusion of rat connexin 43 with FusionRed.
Multiple small gap junction plaques fuse to the larger plaque as it moves along the cell-cell border. Movie from Shemiakina et al., 2012.
FusionRed codon usage is optimized for high expression in mammalian cells (humanized) [Haas et al., 1996]. Rat connexin 43 is fused to the FusionRed N-terminus.
pFusionRed-Cx43 vector can be used as a source of FusionRed-Cx43 hybrid sequence. The vector backbone contains unique restriction sites that permit its excision and further insertion into expression vector of choice.
Note: The plasmid DNA was isolated from dam+-methylated
The vector backbone contains immediate early promoter of cytomegalovirus (PCMV IE) for protein expression, SV40 origin for replication in mammalian cells expressing SV40 T-antigen, pUC origin of replication for propagation in
SV40 early promoter (PSV40) provides neomycin resistance gene (Neor) expression to select stably transfected eukaryotic cells using G418. Bacterial promoter (P) provides kanamycin resistance gene expression (Kanr) in
Expression in mammalian cells
pFusionRed-Cx43 vector can be transfected into mammalian cells by any known transfection method. CMV promoter provides strong, constitutive expression of the FusionRed-Cx43 fusion in eukaryotic cells. If required, stable transformants can be selected using G418 [Gorman, 1985].
Suitable host strains for propagation in
Location of features
PCMV IE: 1-589
Enhancer region: 59-465
TATA box: 554-560
Transcription start point: 583
Connexin 43-FusionRed fusion: 824-2689
Start codon: 824-826
Connexin 43: 824-1969
Stop codon: 2687-2689
SV40 early mRNA polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 2842-2847 & 2871-2876
mRNA 3' ends: 2880 & 2892
f1 single-strand DNA origin: 2939-3394
Bacterial promoter for expression of Kanr gene
-35 region: 3456-3461
-10 region: 3479-3484
Transcription start point: 3491
SV40 origin of replication: 3735-3870
SV40 early promoter
Enhancer (72-bp tandem repeats): 3568-3639 & 3640-3711
21-bp repeats: 3715-3735, 3736-3756 & 3758-3778
Early promoter element: 3791-3797
Major transcription start points: 3787, 3825, 3831 & 3836
Kanamycin/neomycin resistance gene
Neomycin phosphotransferase coding sequences:
Start codon (ATG): 3919-3921
Stop codon: 4711-4713
G->A mutation to remove Pst I site: 4101
C->A (Arg to Ser) mutation to remove BssH II site: 4447
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 4949-4954 & 4962-4967
pUC plasmid replication origin: 5298-5941
FusionRed-related materials (also referred to as "Products") are intended for research use only. The Products are covered by European Pat. 1994149 and other Evrogen Patents and/or Patent applications pending. By use of these Products, you accept the terms and conditions of the applicable Limited Use Label License.
The CMV promoter is covered under U.S. Patents 5,168,062 and 5,385,839, and its use is permitted for research purposes only. Any other use of the CMV promoter requires a license from the University of Iowa Research Foundation, 214 Technology Innovation Center, Iowa City, IA 52242.
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