The vector sequence has been compiled using the information from sequence databases, published literature, and other sources, together with partial sequences obtained by Evrogen. This vector has not been completely sequenced.
|Nhe I||Bgl II*||Sac I||Hind III||EcoR I||Sal I||Kpn I||Apa I||BamH I||Age I||PhiYFP|
|Afe I||Xho I||Pst I||Sac II*|
* – not unique site.
pPhi-Yellow-N is a mammalian expression vector encoding yellow fluorescent protein PhiYFP (see reporter description). The vector allows generation of fusions to the PhiYFP N-terminus and expression of PhiYFP fusions or PhiYFP alone in eukaryotic (mammalian) cells.
PhiYFP codon usage is optimized for high expression in mammalian cells (humanized) [Haas et al., 1996]. To increase mRNA translation efficiency, Kozak consensus translation initiation site is generated upstream of the PhiYFP coding sequence [Kozak, 1987]. Multiple cloning site (MCS) is located between PCMV IE and PhiYFP coding sequence.
The vector backbone contains immediate early promoter of cytomegalovirus (PCMV IE) for protein expression, SV40 origin for replication in mammalian cells expressing SV40 T-antigen, pUC origin of replication for propagation in
SV40 early promoter (PSV40) provides neomycin resistance gene (Neor) expression to select stably transfected eukaryotic cells using G418. Bacterial promoter (P) provides kanamycin resistance gene expression (Kanr) in
Generation of PhiYFP fusion proteins
A localization signal or a gene of interest can be cloned into MCS of the vector. It will be expressed as a fusion to the PhiYFP N-terminus when inserted in the same reading frame as PhiYFP and no in-frame stop codons are present. The inserted sequence should contain an initiating ATG codon. PhiYFP-tagged fusions retain fluorescent properties of the native protein allowing fusion localization in vivo. Unmodified vector will express PhiYFP when transfected into eukaryotic (mammalian) cells.
Note: The plasmid DNA was isolated from dam+-methylated
Expression in mammalian cells
pPhi-Yellow-N vector can be transfected into mammalian cells by any known transfection method. CMV promoter provides strong, constitutive expression of PhiYFP or its fusions in eukaryotic cells. If required, stable transformants can be selected using G418 [Gorman, 1985].
Suitable host strains for propagation in
Location of features
PCMV IE: 1-589
Enhancer region: 59-465
TATA box: 554-560
Transcription start point: 583
Kozak consensus translation initiation site: 672-682
Start codon (ATG): 679-681
Stop codon: 1381-1383
SV40 early mRNA polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 1597-1602 & 1626-1631
mRNA 3' ends: 1635 & 1647
f1 single-strand DNA origin: 1694-2149
Bacterial promoter for expression of Kanr gene
-35 region: 2211-2216
-10 region: 2234-2239
Transcription start point: 2246
SV40 origin of replication: 2490-2625
SV40 early promoter
Enhancer (72-bp tandem repeats): 2323-2394 & 2395-2466
21-bp repeats: 2470-2490, 2491-2511 & 2513-2533
Early promoter element: 2546-2552
Major transcription start points: 2542, 2580, 2586 & 2591
Kanamycin/neomycin resistance gene
Neomycin phosphotransferase coding sequences:
Start codon (ATG): 2674-2676
Stop codon: 3466-3468
G->A mutation to remove Pst I site: 2856
C->A (Arg to Ser) mutation to remove BssH II site: 3202
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) polyadenylation signal
Polyadenylation signals: 3704-3709 & 3717-3722
pUC plasmid replication origin: 4053-4696
PhiYFP-related materials (also referred to as "Products") are intended for research use only. The Products are covered by U.S. Pat. 7,951,923; European Pat. 03779067; and other Evrogen Patents and/or Patent applications pending. By use of these Products, you accept the terms and conditions of the applicable Limited Use Label License.
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